Vaccines for babies are important to protect from many diseases. That is why there is a list of vaccines for babies that your child must get.
Since birth, babies are already protected from diseases by the mothers’ antibodies that pass before birth. Besides, babies also get more antibodies from breast milk. But as we all know not all babies get to drink breast milk, so it is normal if they have a more weak immune system. Whether babies drink breast milk or not, the protection it gives is only temporary.
That is why immunization (the process of shooting vaccines for babies) is a must. Your baby needs to have his/ her first vaccines and follow the schedule for that. Do you already know all the information about vaccines for babies and the rest of the schedule?
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Baby First Vaccines
The first vaccine for a baby you need to get is the hepatitis B vaccine. This vaccine shot should be given to babies within their first 12 hours after birth. Nowadays, a newborn baby will be visited by so many acquaintances of his/ her parents. From family members to friends will be very excited to meet the new baby.
But if you let so many people meet your newborn without the first vaccine, the chance of them getting infected by hepatitis B is very high. So you have to get the hepatitis B vaccine for your newborn as soon as possible.
For a baby that is born from a mother that has hepatitis B, there is additional medicine that can help your baby to be protected from that virus. The medicine is called hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG). A baby with this medicine has a very good immune system to fight the hepatitis virus as soon as your baby is born.
Read also : Baby Vaccines Pros and Cons
Vaccines List and Chart for Babies
Aside from the first one, you still have a responsibility to get more vaccines for the baby at the right schedule. To help parents figure out what vaccines they should get for the baby at a specific age, doctors usually give them a vaccines list and chart.
In a simple chart style, parents can easily remember what vaccines for babies they haven’t got. Here is a sample of what vaccines list and chart for babies look like:
Note: You can understand more about the vaccine schedule from the next explanation below.
Baby Vaccines Schedule by Month USA
As you can see from the vaccines list and chart above, there are many vaccines for babies that you need to get. The chart shows the name of the vaccines and the recommended ages for the baby to be vaccinated.
But do you understand all the names of vaccines for babies above? Do you know what diseases can be prevented using each vaccine? And what are the symptoms that your child may experience after getting the shot?
Baby 2, 4, 6, 9 Months Vaccines
When your baby reaches 2, 4, 6, and 9 months old, there are so many vaccines for babies that you need to get. From the chart above, you can see that there are at least 7 shots your baby will get.
- HepB vaccine
This vaccine is recommended to get as late as 2 months old of age. The vaccine can protect your baby from the hepatitis B virus that can spread by blood or body fluids of infected people. Why do you have to protect your baby from this disease?
The disease can cause chronic liver infection or liver cancer at worst. After getting the vaccine shot, your baby may experience several symptoms. The common symptoms are fever.
- RV vaccine
Another recommended vaccine you need to get for your baby is the RV vaccine. This is one of many vaccines for babies that should be done within the range of 2 to 9 months old. RV vaccine can protect your baby against rotavirus. Do you know what a rotavirus is?
Rotavirus is a virus that causes diarrhea in infants. It can spread through the mouth, so you need to be careful of what things enter your baby’s mouth. If parents don’t get this vaccine for their babies, babies can experience very severe diarrhea symptoms. Babies will likely have a fever after getting the shot.
- DTap vaccine
Your baby needs the Dtap vaccine too. This vaccine gives combined protection against many diseases. They are diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. All those 3 diseases are very dangerous for babies.
After vaccination, your baby will likely have a fever. But it is very effective to prevent infection in the lungs that often happen when the Pertussis virus infects your baby.
- Hib vaccine
Vaccine Hib is protecting babies from Haemophilus influenzae type B. This type of disease may not come with any symptoms. But it is really dangerous. So, to be safe you have to get your baby this vaccine.
In a chronic state, your baby may develop meningitis too. And it is really difficult to avoid these diseases as it can be spread through air and direct contact with the infected people.
- PCV13 vaccine
You must be familiar with pneumonia, right? This disease often infected infants in their early months. Babies can develop pneumonia because of Pneumococcal. So to prevent it, you need to get your baby this PCV13 shot.
PCV13 vaccine protects babies from pneumococcus. Usually, this disease can be spread by air and direct contact. If your baby is infected by it, they will show symptoms of severe pneumonia.
Many people think there is no polio again in our life. They said that just as a reason to stop IPV vaccines for babies again. It is wrong. Polio is still here and can affect your baby without you know. So please get IPV vaccines for your baby on the right schedule.
Polio can cause paralysis and even death. So don’t see it as an easy enemy. It’s better safe than sorry!
Flu for adults is not a chronic disease. But not for infants and babies. Flu can cause a severe infection in a baby’s lungs. That is why you need to get an Influenza vaccine yearly for your baby.
This vaccine is effective against the influenza virus that usually spreads through the air. People around your baby may have the flu when they visit you, so get this vaccine shot once every year.
Read also : Baby Fever Signs Based on Its Cause
Premature Baby Vaccines
Vaccines for a baby born prematurely are also compulsory. A premature baby is a term that describes a baby that is born before 37 weeks’ gestation reach. Usually, they are born with low weight. But regardless of the weight, a baby born prematurely should be vaccinated just like a normal baby.
The schedule and list of vaccines for babies born prematurely are not different from the previous schedule you see before. Especially for the first dose of the HepB vaccine, even though the baby born prematurely the shot still needs to be done.
For the next vaccine schedule, it is recommended for premature babies to get the shot after two (chronological) months. This way premature baby vaccines can be done without any problem and the baby can grow up healthy and safe too.
Caring for Baby After Vaccines
Vaccines for babies have side effects. But it is usually mild and only happens for a brief time. But some babies may experience common symptoms after vaccination that may be similar to the symptoms of illness. In that case, you don’t have to worry.
You just need to know how to take care of your baby after vaccinations. Here are several tips on what to do to face common symptoms after vaccination:
- Your baby might cry a lot because the skin area where the shot was given is swollen and itchy. To comfort your baby, you can cuddle him/ her as soon as the shot was given. If needed, you can also compress the skin area using a cold cloth.
- Don’t panic when your baby has a fever after vaccinations. It is very common and will go away on its own. Fever is the sign that your baby’s body is learning to recognize the disease and will fight off them without any problem. But you can compress them if you think it can help.
- Some others may experience headaches or vomiting. You can take care of your baby by giving them extra fluid (breast milk). And do not forget to allow them to get extra rest after vaccinations.
When Do Baby Vaccines Start Working?
Vaccines for babies start working as soon as they are given. That is why your baby experiences several symptoms as a sign of the body’s reaction to the vaccinations. But it needs more time for the antibodies to be developed in the body.
Usually, it takes two weeks after vaccinations for antibodies to develop and can start to protect your baby. And as you already see from the chart above, most vaccines require more than one dose over time. This is compulsory for developing long-lasting protection from the diseases.
How Many Vaccines Does a Baby Get?
If we are talking about the type of vaccines for babies, currently, there are at least 16 vaccines that your baby should get. But each vaccine might require multiple doses. And in that case, the amount of shots your baby gets can be more than 16.
This is how the number talks about how important vaccines for babies are. So you need to get it for your baby. If your child misses a shot, don’t panic! You can communicate about that to your child’s doctor and get it scheduled as soon as possible.