A general expectation of people about a baby’s skin is smooth and soft. But many newborns need to deal with many types of rashes. Rashes in babies are harmless and treatable, but as it affects many parts of the baby’s body as a new parent, you may feel overwhelmed.
For new parents, the rash looks like an emergency when they are actually not. The baby’s reaction to it might cause alarm, but parents need to be calm when facing this situation. In some cases, the rash might be an indication of another illness. Therefore, you need to know all types of rashes and what causes them.
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Types of Rashes
Knowing what types of rashes you’re dealing with is very helpful. Let’s check out the list below to know the most common types of rashes in babies.
1. Eczema rashes on babies
This type of rash is commonly found on the face, arms, elbows, and behind the knees of your baby’s skin. Because of eczema, your baby’s skin will become red, dry, and itchy. Because eczema is itchy, the baby tends to be fussy.
Babies that are only a few months old can have eczema too. The conditions of the rashes can be varied. Some of them may get crusty or even inflamed. The causes of eczema are not exactly known until now. Most experts agree that the condition of the skin is the cause of it. Babies or adults can have eczema because their skin is not able to protect itself from irritants and allergens.
That is why most babies have eczema after certain triggers, like soaps, detergents, pool chlorine, or even scratchy fabrics. To be able to avoid eczema, you need to keep your baby’s skin hydrated and prevent exposure to the triggers.
2. Heat rash
A humid environment can cause heat rash. If your baby has a heat rash, his/ her skin will show red bumps that can be itchy in the area covered by clothes. For example, heat rashes can usually be found in the armpits, torso, chest, and legs.
As it is caused by overheating, you need to cool your baby down to cure it. It is one of the types of rashes that can be cured without treatment in 2 or 3 days.
3. Baby acne
Types of rashes that you may find in your baby’s skin vary. One of them is baby acne. As its name, babies get it on their nose and cheeks. This baby acne can happen in the first few months of the baby’s life, but you should not worry about it.
The acne will clear up in its own way without any treatment. You need to wait.
Another type of rashes is impetigo. This is one of many types of rashes that can be contagious, but it is considered common. Impetigo in the baby’s skin looks like a red mark that turns brown and crusty after several days.
As impetigo is caused by a bacterial infection, it can easily spread to other parts of the body. So, to avoid impetigo, you need to avoid contact with infected people. The treatment for impetigo varies based on the severity of the conditions.
5. Diaper rash
From many types of rashes, there is this common diaper rash. At some point, every baby will end up having this rash. As it is caused by diaper use, the red rash will be found around the diaper and genital area.
You have to keep the diaper area clean and dry to be able to avoid this rash. If the rash has already developed into a fungal infection, you will need a doctor’s help to prescribe ointment.
This one is one of the few infectious types of rashes. Roseola can affect babies from 6 months old or older. The viruses that cause it are very infectious. There are two types of viruses that can cause roseola.
It makes your baby have a high fever. And after a few days, the red mark starts to spread, but the rash doesn’t feel itchy. After a week, without any treatments, the virus will get away on its own.
This rash is also common in babies. It is often found in the chest and stomach area. That is why one of the symptoms of the hive is a stomachache. It is an itchy rash and sometimes will swell up too.
The trigger of hives can be plant allergies, bug bites, food allergies, or even bacterial infections. If there are no severe symptoms, hives will be clear on their own.
8. Fifth disease
The fifth disease is a type of rash that is also known as the slapped cheek. When babies have this rash, it makes them have a fever too. The rash will be found mostly on the cheek parts, but later it can spread to other parts of the body.
Like other types of rashes, the fifth disease can also cure by itself. There are no specific treatments for it. Before the rash appears, the baby is contagious. But after that, he/ she is not contagious again.
9. Hand, foot, and mouth disease
This hand, foot, and mouth disease are one of many types of rashes that are highly contagious. As its name, the rash will appear on the hand, foot, and mouth of your baby’s skin. It causes fever too.
Hand, foot, and mouth diseases can be spread through direct contact with an infected person or contaminated surfaces. You will need a doctor’s help to treat this rash.
You have to be careful of ringworms too. This rash causes a ring-like red patch on your baby’s skin. The area affected by this rash is almost anywhere on your baby’s body. It is caused by fungal infections. That is why the treatment of it will need antifungal cream or drugs.
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Cause of Rashes in Babies
As the types of rashes are varied, you may find many reasons for what can cause them. Generally, rashes can be caused by exposure to triggers. Now, let’s follow the explanation below. You can find out what are the common triggers of rashes in babies.
1. Dry skin rashes
The first cause of many types of rashes is dry skin. Dry skin is a condition where your skin is dehydrated. The look of dry skin is rough and tight. As baby skin is sensitive, many things can cause dry skin. For example, the use of too hot water for baths or too cold air can develop the dry skin of babies.
2. Food allergy rashes
Food allergy can also be the cause of many types of rashes. But not all people have food allergies. And the type of allergens that each baby can have may vary too. The most common allergens are peanuts, seafood, or milk. When your baby is exposed to the allergens, they may develop a rash in no time.
3. Rashes from sweating
Sweating causes dampness. Dampness causes a rash. This is another common cause of rashes. That is why rashes often happen in summer because the baby sweats a lot at that time. To prevent rashes from sweating, you need to avoid the humid environment at your best. If your baby’s skin is sensitive to sweat and you keep letting him/ her interact with humidity, the rash will worsen.
4. Rashes from teething
Teething makes a baby’s drool dries on their skin. Commonly, the drool will dry on the cheeks or neck parts. The dried drools can irritate the skin. Later on, it will be developed into rashes. That is why rashes from teething might be the most common cause of rashes for babies until toddlerhood. You can prevent it by always watching out for the baby’s drool and continuously cleaning them before it dries on the skin.
5. Rashes from diapers
Nowadays, there are no babies without diapers. A lack of attention to the cleanliness of the diaper use can be a trigger of rash. This is why you need to change a diaper before it can irritate the baby’s skin. The condition of diarrhea might increase the baby’s chance of having a rash because of the diaper. So be extra careful and prepare a lot of diapers to make sure your baby’s diaper area skin is always clean.
6. Mosquito bites rashes
In some cases, rashes can be caused by mosquito bites too. Actually, it is not limited to the only mosquito but any bug bites. The area of a baby’s skin that is bitten by the mosquito will be inflamed and reddened. All of them happened because the body reacts to the bug’s saliva. You may need a doctor’s help if the bites cause another illness.
7. Rashes when cold
When the weather is cold, a rash can appear as the reaction of the body’s temperatures drop. Some people know this condition as a winter rash. But in another condition, it can be considered as cold urticaria too. As the cold creeps in, your baby’s skin can lose too much moisture. After that, your baby’s skin develops reddish and itchy bumps.
If your baby gets cold urticaria or winter rash or hives like what has been mentioned, you don’t have to panic. It can go away on its own within a few hours. But it may happen again, every time your baby is exposed to the cold weather.
8. Rashes from antibiotic
Your baby might have any type of rashes because of antibiotics. How can it happen? Antibiotics are medications that are often used to treat many infections. And as a side effect of its use, some people may develop a rash on their skin. But this condition is not critical.
Any types of rashes from antibiotics can fade away between 3 to 6 days. As there are many types of antibiotics, you have to know that antibiotic amoxicillin is one of the antibiotics that can cause a rash more frequently than others. This might happen because amoxicillin is derived from penicillin, which is sensitive to most people.
Baby Bashes Treatment
The tips to treat your baby’s rash depend on what are the types of rashes your baby has. But as rashes can cause itchiness, the most common treatment you can use is cooling your baby’s skin. Compressing your baby’s skin with cold water will surely relieve the irritated area.
In more severe conditions, you need cream or ointment. You can apply it to the area that has rashes. If the types of rashes are caused by fungal or bacterial infections, you have to use an antifungal cream or even antibiotics.
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Are Rashes Itchy?
Many types of rashes are itchy, but not all of them. All rashes can appear in reddish and swelling skin, but not all of them cause itchiness. Types of rashes that might be itchy are eczema, ringworm, heat rash, impetigo, and hives. On the other hand, rashes that do not itch are rashes caused by an allergic reaction to certain triggers. For example, your baby will not feel itchy from the rash that appears after direct contact with cleaning products that are allergic to his/ her skin.
How to Get Rid of Rashes?
To relieve many types of rashes, you need to know what causes them. But it has been mentioned before, the most common and might be the fastest way to get rid of rashes is by compressing the skin. Coldness can refresh the skin and help it to have enough moisture.
If your baby is allergic to coldness, you can soothe the rash by applying aloe vera or some types of oils. In no time, your baby’s pain will be stopped and the itch will be gone.
Can Rashes Cause Fever?
Even though most rashes are not serious, some of you might worry because of the fever that happens along with the rashes. Yes, some types of rashes can cause fever. But the fever is not a serious cause to be concerned about.
On top of that, not all rashes can cause fever. Here are several types of rashes that can cause fever, they are the slapped cheek disease (fifth disease), roseola, and hand, foot, and mouth disease.
Now, you already know everything about baby rashes. Don’t forget that you need to be calm to be able to help your children when they are struggling because of the rashes.