Autism in babies can be diagnosed as early as possible. The sign of autism will be more likely hard to discover at that age, but still possible. If you have successfully done an early diagnosis of autism in babies, you can set up early treatments too.
Now what you need to be able to discover an early sign of autism in babies, you need to raise awareness on the early signs of developmental delay. Do you know the developmental stages of babies? And how to find out what considers developmental delay in each stage?
Let’s follow what are the sign of autism based on the standard developmental age.
Table of Contents
Signs of Autism in Babies
2 – 4 month old
As boys are four times more likely to have autism than girls, you need to be extra sensitive with any developmental delay on them. Babies with autism, boys or girls, show signs of autism since they reach 2 months old.
At that age, usually babies love to respond to loud sounds. But not with autistic babies. They show a sign of autism that they don’t care about loud sounds. They also don’t have an interest in moving things. Moreover, they won’t smile at other people.
Another sign of autism in babies until they reach 4 months old is they have difficulty holding their head up. When other babies already make vowel sounds at that age, they keep silent. Overall, babies with autism show signs of autism that make them look stiff and not paying any attention to whatever is surrounding them.
6 – 9 month old
When babies reach 6 months to 9 months old, the sign of autism that appears is more diverse. For example, they don’t push with their legs. They have difficulty moving their eyes. When they play games, they keep repeating the same action.
Babies with the sign of autism can’t recognize familiar people, even the baby’s mother or father. Toys for autistic babies are only things that are used to transfer from one hand to the other.
The most visible sign of autism in that babies age is they don’t have an interest in peekaboo games. Generally, babies love this game and they laugh out loud when people around them play this game.
12 – 18 month old
Babies when reaching 1 year old should be able to walk and/ or talk. But not for babies with autism. They can’t do any of them. Even standing with support is not easy to be done. If other babies love to wave or clap their hands, babies with the sign of autism will not ever do it. Sometimes, they can lose all the skills they previously had.
Once other babies start to copy what others do, autistic babies won’t give any care towards what others do. Any signs of autism above happen to your babies? Or you don’t remember because your baby already passed that age range?
Signs of Autism in Toddlers
If you are not sure whether your baby has autism or not, you also can recognize the sign when they are toddlers. Sign of autism in toddlers is divided into 4 stages. Follow the explanation below to differentiate each sign of autism in each stage.
2 years old
When your child has autism, even when he/ she is already 2 years old they may not be able to speak. The delay in speech that happens is the result of the development of the babies since birth.
Another sign of autism that happens in 2 years old babies is they play with toys but not with others. They love playing by themselves. Making friends is a difficult task for them. And the fact that they can’t communicate easily makes their socialization life a lot more difficult.
3 years old
Reaching 3 years old, children with autism may talk but use very limited words. They have limited gestures too. So they can’t express themselves easily. This difficulty can make them struggle to understand what other people express too.
If they have an interest in a certain object, they will keep doing it. They don’t like their routines with that certain object to be interrupted. That is why they may come across as a difficult child.
4 years old
If you want to find the early sign of autism in your 4-year-old children, see how they interact with others. Children with autism won’t make any eye contact with people around them. If they get questions from others, they can’t answer them properly.
Socialization is not a part of their life. They like to play by themselves and keep repeating the same behaviors. The talking tone of children is autism is all the same, flat tone. If they talk, they may not be able to form a perfect sentence.
5 years old
Nearing the age of schooling, a sign of autism is getting more confusing. You may not be able to see certain signs and need help from professionals. For example, children with autism usually are not active but it can’t be measured easily.
Some children may show aggressive behaviors that are difficult for people around them. Even when they talk, they will always talk about irrelevant things and grammatical errors.
Read also : Cause of Autism
Signs of Autism in Teenagers
In teenagers, the sign of autism is not differentiated by age again. The signs will be categorized into two groups. They show signs in the communication and behavioral fields. You can understand more about signs in those two fields from the following explanation.
Social communication signs
As you may already know, socialization problems have pretty much happened in all autistic people. And in the teenage stage, it is a lot easier to diagnose autism by the way they communicate with others.
The first thing to take note of is their verbal communication skills. Teenagers with autism have a very rich vocabulary, but they can’t lead a good conversation. They love to talk about their favorite topics and will not let other people talk about other topics.
For nonverbal communication, they can’t understand body language and messages being delivered with it. If other teenagers are very expressive, not with autistic teenagers. They can’t express any emotion on their face or in the tone of their voice.
Overall, teenagers with autism can’t develop a relationship. This especially happens with same-age friends. It is a lot easier for them to play with younger children or adults. But they love spending their time alone, without other people.
If teenagers with autism meet a different social situation, they show signs of autism that they can’t adjust their behavior. So not like other teenagers, autism makes them don’t have close friends.
Another aspect that shows signs of autism in a teenager is how they behave in their daily life. They may obsess with a certain object and collect it. This unusual interest might make them carry that object anywhere they go.
Some of them also show signs of autism, like hand-flapping or other repetitive movements. You can try to find another sign such as repetitive noise like growling and squealing. And they have a very sensitive sensory system. They might be easily upset after hearing a certain sound, texture, or clothes.
When they reach the puberty stage, the changing of a hormone can lead to more frequent aggressive behavior. That is why growing up with autistic teenagers is not easy and needs a lot of skill to control them.
Signs of Autism in Adults
Autism can occur in adults too. In that case, how about the sign of autism that may appear? The sign of autism that appears in adults is considered mild. But some others may have more severe symptoms until it can interfere with their life.
Let’s check out the following list to know more about symptoms of autism in adults!
Common Symptoms of Autism in Adults
When adults show that he/ she can’t understand what others are feeling or thinking, it is the first common symptom of autism in adults. Later on, they may also experience difficulty following a conversation.
If an adult talks about the same topics every time and will not engage in other topics, they already start to show signs of autism. Moreover, adults with autism are commonly known to have strict routines that can not be changed. Otherwise, they will outbursts.
Autism Symptoms in Adults at Home
Sometimes, we need to test ourselves whether we have a sign of autism or not. You can diagnose autism in yourself through several activities at home. For example, you don’t like unexpected events or what doesn’t meet with your usual schedule.
If your family members give you an unusual name, professor, or something like that when you are not even working in academia, that is the first sign. Another sign of you having autism is you don’t have a best friend, even if you want to.
And when you have free time, you keep interested in individual games or sports. You are unlikely to choose a game or sport that needs to work with other people.
Autism Symptoms in Adults at Work
Now how to look for a sign of autism in adults when they are at work. It is not difficult to start diagnosing autism at work. The first symptom that you need to find in you is whether you look at the wall or not when you are talking with your boss.
Another sign of having autism in a work field is speaking like a robot. And you don’t realize it, because you speak like that to other people around you. You also have a sign of autism when you don’t like other people to touch or rearrange your desk.
Do you find any sign of autism in you? Go get professional help as soon as possible!
Do Autistic Babies Sleep More?
Autistic babies show signs of autism in that they sleep less than others. So, they don’t sleep more. They only sleep for several hours, before waking up suddenly in the middle of the night. If other babies only awake for several minutes and go to sleep again, but not with autistic babies.
After waking up in the middle of the night, autistic babies will wake up for more than an hour. They will have difficulty going to sleep again. They prefer to play with toys and other games. And the problem with sleeping patterns becomes one common sign of autism in babies.
Read also : Type of Autism
Do Autistic Toddlers Cry a Lot?
Toddlers with autism are keeping connected with the way they cry a lot more than other children. This may happen because they have difficulty controlling their emotions. So when they are upset, they can’t control the upset feeling and end up crying.
As they also have difficulty understanding their feelings, crying for them will not give any help. SO they kept crying and crying a lot more until they exhausted their energy. The progress of being upset from whimpering to crying is the only emotional progress that can be expressed by autistic children.
Do Autistic Adults Feel Love?
So how about adults with autism? We all know that as we grow up we also develop love and intimacy towards other people. Having a love relationship with other people becomes our life goal. But how about autistic adults? Can they feel the love?
As we know, autism makes children, toddlers, teenagers, and adults have the same difficulty to socialize with others. This difficulty makes it hard for them to have a close friend, moreover lovers. So they don’t feel love.
But it is acknowledged that adults with autism can have a desire for intimacy. It makes them want to have someone to share an intimate relationship with. But even if they want to, it is really difficult for them to have lovers. But nowadays, more and more autistic people have successful relationships.
You already know what is the sign of autism in a variety of ages and situations. Hopefully, after reading this you can adapt your behavior to autistic children, toddlers, teenagers, or even adults. For yourself, this information can be a guide to measure the sign of autism on yourself.