The reaction of your children’s body to something they eat or drink is known as food allergies in toddler. There are millions of children who have food allergies. So, parents need to recognize what kind of food allergies in toddler that their baby has.
Food allergies happen after the body’s immune system releases histamine and other substances that lead to several symptoms of food allergies. What are the common symptoms of food allergies in a toddler?
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Food Allergies Symptoms
Even the type of allergen may vary between each child, the symptoms that happen because of food allergies in toddler are similar. Some symptoms usually happen immediately, but some others might need several minutes or hours to appear.
The symptoms of food allergies in a toddler can be categorized as mild or moderate symptoms, while some others are severe and can cause death. To be able to diagnose the symptoms as soon as possible, you need to learn about them thoroughly.
Here are the symptoms of food allergies in toddler (from the mild one to the severe one):
The first common symptom of food allergies in toddler is rashes. The rash is the itchy and irritated area of the skin. It happens as the reaction of the immune system to the allergic food your child eats. Usually, rashes appear reddish and will last for a few days.
If the rashes do not spread, then it is considered a mild allergic reaction. But if it spreads to other parts of your child’s body, you need to take your child to the emergency as soon as possible.
- Swollen Lips
The condition of swelling lip because of food allergies is known as angioedema. Usually, it is not only the lips that are swollen but other body parts too. The swollen lips are caused by the fluid that leaks into the layers of your lip skin.
Swollen lips because of food allergies in toddler usually last for 24 to 48 hours. Your child needs to get treatment for allergies to stop the swollen fast.
- Itchy Eyes
Another part of the body that reacts to food that you should not eat is the eyes. It happens because allergy makes the brain release histamine. The histamine causes swelling of vessels in your children’s eyes too. So the swelling eyes will get itchy.
To help reduce the itchiness, you can compress your children’s eyes. If your child feels there are any irritants in their eyes, you can use artificial tears to help clean them. And while the eyes are still itchy, you are encouraged to wrap the eyes or use glasses all the time.
Food allergies in toddlers cause diarrhea too. But the severity of diarrhea may vary based on how much of the food enters your stomach. If your child only eats small amounts of the problem foods, they may not develop diarrhea as the symptom.
If diarrhea already occurs, you should get medicines for diarrhea to help your children. Usually, it will not subside for several hours and can cause dehydration. So, you have to hurry to get the best treatment for your children’s food allergies.
- Difficult to Breath
Your children may experience difficulty breathing because of food allergies. Our body’s immune system is built to defend against substances inside the food that you should not eat. This situation of severe food allergy is called anaphylaxis.
It is better to get doctors’ help when your child has difficulty breathing after eating. But while waiting for the doctor’s help, you can lead your child to breath by pursed-lip and positioning him/ her in the easiest way to breathe.
- Throat Tightness
Another severe reaction to food allergies in toddler’s throat tightness. The person who experiences this symptom feels the sensation of a lump in her/ his throat. It is caused by the swollen throat as the result of the immune system towards allergens.
The blocked airways are dangerous and considered a life-threatening symptom. You should get help from the medical team to stop the symptom as fast as you can. If not, the situation might get worse and be the reason why food allergies can cause death.
You need to give extra attention if your child said they feel dizzy after eating. Dizziness is one of the symptoms of food allergies in toddler and adults. In a more severe condition, dizziness can end up as vertigo and cause the next symptom which is vomiting.
Why can food allergies cause dizziness? The allergens in the food that should not eat are causing shock in your body. So, there are many dwelling areas in your body. That ends up damaging your body’s balance and feels like dizziness.
Food allergies in toddler may show up as vomiting too. This symptom is also considered severe and called anaphylaxis. It has the potential to threaten your child’s life. So you have to get the doctor’s help as soon as possible.
It will be better if you give extra attention to the food your child eats. So there will be zero opportunity that your children will eat the food they should not. And the symptoms like vomiting will not happen and threaten your child’s life too.
Type of Food Allergies
Any food can be the cause of food allergies in toddler. But some foods are considered as the most common cause of food allergies. What are they? Check the following list to know the top four food allergies that common and might happen to your children.
- Milk Allergies
- Egg Allergies
- Peanut Allergies
- Seafood Allergies
Other Common Type of Allergies
Besides some foods that have been mentioned above, food allergies in infants also can be caused by unknown allergens. For example, so many people don’t know they ever have an allergy to soy or wheat. Because this type of allergy is considered short-term and will go away on its own.
The same with allergies to tree nuts or shellfish. Usually, people will not realize they have this type of allergy. Unless the allergies are happening for a long time. So, you better know other common types of allergies just in case you realized it late that you have it.
Read also : Natural Remedies For Baby Fever
Remedies for Food Allergies
The best remedy for food allergies in a toddler is by avoiding the food itself. So, the first test that your doctor will suggest to your child is doing the allergic test. After knowing what is exactly the cause of allergy in your children, you have to be careful when giving food to your children.
If you buy ready-to-eat foods, always check the ingredients and make sure there are no traces of the allergen in them. If your children still drink your breast milk, then you have to make sure you avoid the foods in your diet.
And another way to help the remedies for food allergies in toddler is by giving them vitamins and minerals regularly. Vitamins and minerals are helpful to strengthen your children’s immune system when they are unable to eat certain foods.
For children who already experience allergies and the reaction is bad, you need to bring them to see doctors. The doctor will prescribe medicines that can help stop the symptoms effectively. But all those medicines can only be taken with the doctor’s order.
What is the Most Common Food Allergy?
The most common cause of food allergies in toddler are milk, eggs, and peanuts. Around 90% of children with food allergies are experiencing either milk, eggs, or peanuts allergies. Among the three causes of food allergies in toddler above, peanuts are known to be the cause of the most severe allergic reaction.
In that case, if your child has peanuts allergies then you have to be extra careful. When you are careless, the allergic reaction that your children may experience can be deathly.
How to Stop Allergies Immediately?
When your children show a reaction to food allergies, you need to know how to handle it immediately. In other words, you have to know how to stop the allergies immediately. There are several ways you can learn in the list below:
- Stop Eating
The moment your child’s body reacts to a portion of food he/ she has eaten, you need to immediately stop him/ her to eat. You may not know that your child is allergic to the food before, but by a simple reaction like coughing and swelling you should get the sign right away.
Don’t keep eating the food or the situation will get worse in no time. And it is better not repeated. If your child keeps experiencing the reaction of food allergies in toddler, the repeated exposure will only make the next symptoms get worse.
- Use Oral Antihistamines
The best medicine for food allergies in toddler or adults is antihistamines. But you can find antihistamines in many different forms. The fastest result is given by the use of oral antihistamines. Especially for mild reactions, oral antihistamines can help lessen the symptoms in no time.
But for severe symptoms which we are called anaphylaxis, antihistamines won’t help. The only way to help to soothe the symptoms is by giving them an injection of epinephrine. Epinephrine is also the type of medicine for food allergies in infants.
- Use Decongestants
You can use decongestants to help stop the reaction of food allergies in toddler. And the same with antihistamines, the better result is given by the use of oral decongestants. This medicine can provide great help for the symptoms that are associated with difficulty breathing.
But the constant use of decongestants is not recommended. It can worsen the symptoms or rebound it in a time you would never guess.
- Nasal Spray
The nasal spray consists of chromoly sodium. It is very effective to stop the symptoms of food allergies in toddler and safe to use. There is no side effect by the use of nasal spray even for children. But the best time to use nasal spray is when the symptoms don’t start yet.
Again it is always better to avoid allergies. Or to realize it as soon as possible. That way the treatments can give a better result.
Can You Inherit an Allergy?
Food allergies in toddler are often hereditary. It means children can inherit one or two allergies from their parents. The tendency to develop food allergies in a toddler as the result of genes is very high. So, if you or your partner have food allergies, then the chance of your child has the same allergies is quite high.
But it doesn’t mean that all of your kids will definitely get them. Maybe one of your children has allergies, but not the rest of your children. So don’t worry too much. Just focus on the remedies if your child experiences the reaction of the allergies. And always be careful to avoid allergic foods as good as you can!